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Medicinal Plants mentioned in Quran and Hadith PartI 2021

MEDICINAL PLANTS AND THEIR USES MENTIONED IN THE HOLY QURAN AND HADITH

Islam is the most comprehensive religion, which presents the elasticity to respond new technologies and a complete way for living. In Islam, ethical teachings of biomedical ethics are linked with Holy Quran and Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).

Centuries ago, Quran has mentioned the beneficial properties of many food stuffs, and today scientists have found a part of them through many studies, it helps to realize the greatness of Allah. It is concluded that herbal medicines are being widely used in the world because of better cultural acceptability, least injurious with none or much reduced side effects.

Introduction:

The Quran is regarded as both the spiritual and behavioral guidance for all Muslims.

 Islamic medicine introduced from Hazrat Adam (Alaihe Salaam) and was completed at Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) but discovery and collecting of these medicine is still continual after the death of Holy Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) throughout the world. 1400 years old, the holy Quran is the word of Allah as transmitted by the angel Jabreil, and it is in Arabic language through Prophet Mohammed (PBUH). The Holy Quran deals with several species of plants such as grapes, fig, ginger, cucumber, garlic, lentils and the toothbrush. Agricultural crops including the, grains, seeds and fodder, their reproductive and germination processes of the plant world are also stated. Al-Quran is one of the best reference books describing the importance of plants in different Surahs as in Al-Momeenoon, Al-Rehman, Al-Bakra and Al-Inaam.

Our Holy Prophet (PBUH) used and recommended medicinal plants for various diseases and food.

The history of Islamic medicine started form second century of Hijra, Abdul Malik Bin Habib Undlasi compiled his first book “Tib-e-Nabvi” and many other did a great work in this field. This research work was conducted by reviewing the Holy Quran, Ahadith and Islamic books.

Existing findings were confined to 10 fruit plant species belonging to 10 genera of 9 families enlisted in Holy Quran, Ahadith and Islamic literature.

1.Ficus carica Linn

English Name: Common Fig

MEDICINAL PLANTS MENTIONED IN QURAN

Arabic Name: Teen, Himaat

Urdu Name: Injeer Zard, Anjeer

Family: Moraceae

Distribution: Asia, Turkey, Egypt, Iran, Algeria, Morocco, Portugal,

Parts used: Roots, leaves and fruits

References from Quran and Hadith:

By the fig and the olive!Sura 95(Sura At-Tin (The Fig) ‚ Verse 1)

Hazrat Abu Darda (Radi allahu Anhu) narrates that Rasullullah (SallallhuAlayhiWasallam) said, “Eat fig, for it cures the piles and is useful for rheumatism” [13].

Hazrat Abu Darda (RadiallahoAnho) narrates that someone presented the Prophet a plate of figs and he said, “Eat figs! If I would say a certain type of fruit was sent down to us from the heavens I would say it’s a fig because it has no seeds. It ends (cures) the piles and is useful for rheumatism” [14].

 

Medicinal Uses:

This is used in different disorders such as gastrointestinal (colic, indigestion, loss of appetite and

diarrhea),

respiratory (sore throats, coughs and bronchial problems),

inflammatory and cardiovascular disorders. Fig has been traditionally used for its medicinal benefits as metabolic, cardiovascular, respiratory, antispasmodic and anti-inflammatory remedy. The root is tonic, useful in leucoderma and ringworm. The fruit is sweet, antipyretic, tonic, purgative useful in inflammation, weakness, paralysis, thirst “Vatta diseases” of head, diseases of liver and spleen, pain in chest, cures piles, stimulate growth of hair. The milky juice is expectorant, diuretic, and dangerous for eye. Fig latex is used as an anthelmintic. The Ficus carica leaf has been reported hypoglycemic, hepatoprotective and latex reported the anthelmintic activity [11]. This plant is has significant variation in Iran [12].


2.Allium Sativum:
MEDICINAL PLANTS MENTIONED IN QURAN


English Name: Garlic 
Arabic Name: at-thum 
Urdu Name: Lehsun
Family: Liliaceae
Distribution: Cultivated throughout Egypt, Italy, France, India, Pakistan, China and USA
Parts used: Bulb

References from Quran and Hadith:


And [recall] when you said, "O Moses, we can never endure one [kind of] food. So call upon your Lord to bring forth for us from the earth its green herbs and its cucumbers and its garlic and its lentils and its onions." [Moses] said, "Would you exchange what is better for what is less? Go into [any] settlement and indeed, you will have what you have asked." And they were covered with humiliation and poverty and returned with anger from Allah [upon them]. That was because they [repeatedly] disbelieved in the signs of Allah and killed the prophets without right. That was because they disobeyed and were [habitually] transgressing. (Sura Al-Baqarah (The Cow)‚ Verse 61).

Hazrat Abu Darda (RadiallahoAnho) narrates that Rasullullah (SallallhuAlayhiWasallam) said, “Eat fig, for it cures the piles and is useful for rheumatism” [13].

Hazrat Abu Darda (RadiallahoAnho) narrates that someone presented the Prophet a plate of figs and he said, “Eat figs! If I would say a certain type of fruit was sent down to us from the heavens I would say it’s a fig because it has no seeds. It ends (cures) the piles and is useful for rheumatism” [14].

Medicinal Uses:
Garlic also has a long history of medicinal use for a wide variety of conditions and was once known as poor-man’s treacle (or cure-all). In folk medicine, garlic has been used to treat bronchitis and respiratory problems, gastrointestinal problems, flatulence, leprosy, menstrual cramps, high blood pressure, diabetes and has been used externally for warts, corns, arthritis, muscle pain, neuralgia and clinical trials and has also demonstrated anti-cancer, antibacterial, anti-fungal and anti-oxidant effects [15]. Garlic contains compounds that are antibacterial, antifungal and reduce blood clotting. In order for the active ingredient that gives garlic its characteristic odor and its therapeutic effects to be released, the garlic clove must be cut or crushed. This releases an enzyme that causes the formation of allicin, the component responsible for garlic's odor and medicinal activitysciatica. Recently, science has begun to confirm some of garlic's long-standing medicinal uses. Garlic has been shown to lower blood cholesterol, blood pressure and blood sugar in studies and

Please don't forget to see Part-II which will be released soon.

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